Question: Do Infantile Spasms Cause Mental Retardation?

Do infantile spasms cause brain damage?

Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences.

It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others.

Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain..

What are signs of infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

What does seizure look like in baby?

Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious. For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here.

What is the difference between infantile spasms and seizures?

Infantile Spasms (West Syndrome) An infantile spasm is a seizure with sudden stiffening of the body and brief bending forward or backward of the arms, legs and head. Each seizure lasts only a second or two and usually in a series. Seizures are most common just after waking up and rarely occur during sleep.

What does Sandifer Syndrome look like?

In a typical attack of Sandifer syndrome, a baby’s back will arch suddenly. With their back flexed, their head and legs also splay out backward. They become stiff. Other expressions of the syndrome include nodding head movements, twisting or tilting of the head, or thrashing limbs.

Are baby spasms normal?

Babies experiencing infantile spasms will sometimes look as though they have severe stomach pain or colic, but they are not in pain. Spasms usually happen when the baby is waking up, but they can happen at other times. The baby may have one spasm at a time, or many spasms in a row.

Can infantile spasms cause autism?

A new study found that nearly half of babies who suffer from infantile spasms are not accurately diagnosed for more than a month and this delay can increase the risk of intellectual disability, autism, lifelong epilepsy, and death.

What is the life expectancy of a child with West syndrome?

Unfortunately, up to about 90% of all children with West syndrome still suffer severe cognitive and physical impairments. Life expectancy for West syndrome is variable. About five in every 100 infants and children with West syndrome do not survive beyond five years of age.

Can babies grow out of infantile spasms?

They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.

What age do infantile spasms start?

Infantile spasms (also known as West syndrome) is a form of epilepsy that occurs in 1 in 2,000 children. It typically begins between 2-12 months of age and peaks between 4-8 months of age.

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Symptoms may include:Delays in developmental milestones.Increase or lack of growth in head size.Changes in activity, reflexes, or movements.Lack of coordination.Changes in level of consciousness or mood.Muscle rigidity, tremors, or seizures.Muscle wasting and slurred speech.More items…

Is twitching normal in babies?

But researchers believe that twitching may actually be part of a baby’s motor skills development. When a baby’s body twitches during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, it’s triggering circuits throughout the brain to teach newborns about their limbs and how to use them, University of Iowa researchers believe.