- Are infantile spasms an emergency?
- Can infantile spasms be missed on EEG?
- How do I know if I have infantile spasms?
- How do you stop infantile spasms?
- Do babies with infantile spasms sleep more?
- Can infantile spasms go away on their own?
- Is infantile spasms genetic?
- What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?
- Can infantile spasm be cured?
- Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?
- How often do infantile spasms occur?
- Do infantile spasms hurt?
- Are baby spasms normal?
- How common are infantile spasms?
- What is the best treatment for infantile spasms?
Are infantile spasms an emergency?
Infantile Spasms are a medical emergency.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment are critical, but this is challenging because infantile spasms can be mistaken for normal baby movements or other disorders that don’t demand urgency..
Can infantile spasms be missed on EEG?
The EEG may not show typical hypsarrhythmia because the spasms have been going on for some time, or because medication has changed the EEG or because the condition which put the child at risk of having infantile spasms has itself caused changes to the brain’s electrical activity – which changes the EEG.
How do I know if I have infantile spasms?
Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…
How do you stop infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms usually are treated with seizure medicines or steroids. If medicines don’t control the spasms, a special diet, such as the ketogenic diet, might help. Sometimes, doctors may recommend surgery.
Do babies with infantile spasms sleep more?
It is common for babies who have infantile spasms to become irritable and to go off their feeds. Their sleep pattern also changes in that they may sleep more during the day and less during the night.
Can infantile spasms go away on their own?
The sooner your little one starts treatment for infantile spasms or West syndrome, the better, because this condition can affect how their mind and body develop. In some cases, the seizures and spasms will stop on their own, but most children will need treatment.
Is infantile spasms genetic?
Others may have been born with a genetic mutation or have problems with brain development. Certain medical and genetic conditions, like Down syndrome, increase the risk of having infantile spasms. In 20 to 30 percent of children with this type of epilepsy, doctors can’t find a cause.
What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?
Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences. It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others. Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain.
Can infantile spasm be cured?
Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.
Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?
Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).
How often do infantile spasms occur?
Infantile spasms are not common. It affects around one out of three thousand infants. In about 20 percent of cases, the cause is not known.
Do infantile spasms hurt?
Each spasm usually lasts less than 10 seconds. A cluster or severe spasms can last for minutes. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.
Are baby spasms normal?
Expect some of the following: Sudden jerks or twitches of the arms, hands or legs. If they only occur during sleep, they are most likely normal. How Long: last a few seconds, but can recur.
How common are infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms (also known as West syndrome) is a form of epilepsy that occurs in 1 in 2,000 children. It typically begins between 2-12 months of age and peaks between 4-8 months of age.
What is the best treatment for infantile spasms?
Treatment of infantile spasms has little class I data, but adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prednisolone and vigabatrin have the best evidence as first-line medications. Other therapies including the ketogenic diet and other anti-epileptics medications may also prove useful in the treatment of infantile spasms.